India is the proud home to 35 UNESCO sites as of 2016, making the country globally important in terms of culture and natural heritage. The 35 sites are categorized under cultural, natural and mixed lists respectively. Read on to know about the natural sites in India!
Located in Assam, the park is famous for being home to 2/3rd of the population of the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros. the national park is also home to the highest density of tigers in protected areas of the world. The park also acts as a large breeding ground for elephants, swamp deer, wild water buffalos and also plays an important role in bird conservation.
Fun fact: It was Lady Curzon, the wife of the then viceroy of India who is accredited to protecting this area after she failed to see a single rhinoceros in an area that what was supposed to be popular for the same.
The national park located in the Himalayan foothills is famous for Project Tiger Reserve. The park is also home to a number of endangered wildlife species like Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog. The park also attributes to being an elephant and biosphere reserve. The park is famous for its large population of Wild Water Buffalos.
Fun fact: The name Manas was derived from the Manas river that runs through the very heart of the national park. The river which is a major tributary of the Brahmaputra was named so after the serpent goddess Manasa.
The highest mountain peak of India, Nanda Devi is famous for Brown bear, Snow Leopards, Blue Sheep, Asiatic Black Bear and Himalayan Monal. The park possesses two crore area and was only later expanded to include the Valley of Flowers – A sprawling meadow full of a myriad variety of flowers. Together the two parks form the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.
Fun fact: The Valley of Flowers is said to play an important role in the Ramayana as it is believed that this the area where Hanumanji collected “Sanjeevani” a herb that was used to revive Lakshman.
The Great Himalayan National Park is one of the premier national parks in India, located in Kullu. In 2010 both the Sainij and Tirthan wildlife sanctuaries were added to this park. Blue sheep, Snow Leopard, Himalayan brown Bear, Musk Deer and Himalayan Tahr are some of the species protected under the Wildlife Protection Act.
Fun fact: Nearly 25 threatened plant species can be found here. Hold your camera ready for who knows if you might be some of the last people on the planet to witness these plants in real life.
Formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, the park is famous for hosting thousands of birds every year. Birds from as far as Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia visit the park for breeding and watering purposes. The sanctuary is one of the richest and best bird areas in the world. Hunting on these grounds is prohibited.
Fun fact: The name Keoladeo was derived from an ancient Shiva temple that can be found on the park’s premises.
One of the more popular national parks in the country, Sunderbans is known for being a rich Tiger and Biosphere reserve in India. One of the largest reserves for the Bengal Tiger, the park is covered by dense Mangrove forests. The park is home to endangered species like Ganges River Dolphin and Saltwater Crocodile and Hawksbill Turtle amongst others.
Fun fact: The Sunderbans is the world’s largest Mangrove forest and world’s largest deltaic forest. The reserve is also known to have the largest number of Bengal Tigers in the world.
This magnificent mountain range runs parallel throughout the western coast of India. Sahyadri as they are otherwise known as is among the top 8 world’s hottest biodiversity hotspots. The western ghats are home to almost 325 globally threatened species in the world. The range runs from north to south of the Deccan Plateau.
Fun fact: The western ghats cover almost four major states in the country and are the second highest mountain range after the Himalayas.
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